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Hodgkin lymphoma cancer - it is a cancer of the immune system a form of malignant lymphoma that is characterized by progressive growth and painless lymph nodes, spleen and generally lymphoid tissue.
- Patients with Hodgkin lymphoma may experience the following symptoms:
* Night sweats
* Unexplained weight loss
* Lymph nodes: The most common symptom of Hodgkin lymphoma is a painless enlargement of one or more lymph nodes. Lymph feel like as rubber and unfla considerably. Chest lymph nodes are often affected and can be seen on a chest radiograph.
* Splenomegaly: spleen enlargement occurs in about 30% of people with Hodgkin's disease. The extension, however, is seldom massive and the spleen may fluctuate during treatment.
* Hepatomegaly: enlargement of the liver caused by liver damage occurs in about 5% of cases.
* Hepatosplenomegaly: enlarged liver and spleen caused by the same disease.
* Pain after drinking alcohol, although this is very rare.
* Back pain nonspecific back pain (pain that can not be displayed because it is determined by technical examination or imaging) has been reported in some cases of Hodgkin lymphoma. The lower back is most often affected.
* Red spots on the skin, easy bruising and spots due to the low number of platelets
* Systemic symptoms: about one third of patients with Hodgkin's disease may also systemic symptoms including fever, night sweats, unexplained
weight loss of at least 10% of total body weight in six months or a patient with itching less (pruritus) due to the higher level of eosinophils in the blood, or fatigue (tiredness). Symptoms such as fever, night sweats and weight loss are known as B symptoms, presence of fever, weight loss, and night, indicating that stage the patient is, for example, instead 2A 2B.
* Cyclic fever: patients may also have a high fever called Pel-Ebstein fever cyclic, or simply "walk". There are no guidelines for preventing Hodgkin's disease because the cause is unknown or multifactorial. A risk factor is something that increases the statistical chances of having a disease or condition. Risk factors include:
* Gender: Male
* Age: 15-40 and over 55 years
* Family History
* History of infectious mononucleosis or infection with Epstein-Barr virus, the causative agent of mononucleosis
* Weakened immune system, including HIV infection or AIDS presence
* Human Growth Hormone prolonged activity
surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, immunotherapy.