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Multiple myeloma - is a type of cancer affecting white blood cells. Myeloma cells tend to collect in the bone marrow. Sometimes they collect in only one bone and form a tumor, called plasmacytoma. In most cases, myeloma cells can collect in many bones, leading to the formation of tumors causing many other problems. When this happens, the disease is called multiple myeloma.
Risk factors for multiple myeloma development: Obesity - Obesity can lead to an increased risk of developing this disease. Men have a slightly higher risk than women. Age - Only a very small percentage of young adults are diagnosed with multiple myeloma. Most of those diagnosed are over age 65. Family history - Having a sibling or a parent who has had multiple myeloma, the likelihood of developing the disease is four times higher compared with people who have no family history of multiple myeloma. However, it has been found only in a small number of cases. Exposure to radiation - A small number of cases may be related to exposure to high doses of radiation.
-Some of the common symptoms of multiple myeloma include:
easy bruising or bleeding and (thrombocytopenia)
Tiredness or weakness
Increased frequency of infections or fever (leukopenia)
Unexplained weight loss
There are a number of conventional treatments used to treat multiple myeloma including chemotherapy, radiation and immunotherapy.