Squamous cell carcinoma - pictures

Squamous cell carcinoma - pictures

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Squamous cell carcinoma - It is the second most common type of skin cancer. Together with basal cell carcinoma, the most common skin cancers, these two cancers are collectively referred to as nonmelanoma - skin cancer.

Most cases of squamous cell carcinoma are caused by exposure to ultraviolet sunlight due (UV).
It increases the risk of squamous cell carcinomuluii also when a person has one or more risk factors:

 

People with blonde or red hair; blue or green eyes.

Patients diagnosed with actinic keratoses (AKs).

Family history of skin cancer.

Weakened immune system (immunosuppressants).

Exposure to radiation.

A history of exposure to coal tar and arsenic.

 


Squamous cell carcinoma - Signs, symptoms and causes

-Symptoms are highly variable depending on the organs involved.

Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin begins as a small nodule with its growth and node center becomes necrotic and turns into an ulcer.

Red skin ulcer or plate, which has a slow

intermittent bleeding from the tumor, especially on lips

The clinical picture is highly variable

Usually, the tumor appears as an ulcerated lesions with raised edges

The tumor may be in the form of plaque or papule disk

The tumor may be in the skin and eventually ulcers invades the underlying tissue.

tumors often appear on sun-exposed parts (eg the back of the hand, scalp, lip,)

On the lips, the tumor is shaped like a small ulcer which fails to heal and bleeds intermittently.

The tumor grows relatively slowly

Unlike basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) has a substantial risk of metastasis

The risk is greater in the metastatic squamous cell carcinoma scars appeared on the lips or the mucous membrane, which are, in immunocompromised patients.


Squamous cell carcinoma - Treatment

Before, squamous cell carcinoma can be treated, the diagnosis must be confirmed by a biopsy. This simple procedure can be performed in the office and involves removing a small amount of tissue, so they can be examined under a microscope. If the diagnosis is squamous cell carcinoma, a variety of treatment options available surgical and non-surgical. Your dermatologist will choose the appropriate treatment taking into account tumor location, size, microscopic characteristics, health status of the patient, and other factors.
Most treatment options are relatively minor office procedures requiring only local anesthesia.
These include:
Simple surgical excision
Removes cancer and parts of surrounding healthy tissue. model removed is examined under a microscope to determine whether skin cancer was removed.
MOHS Micrographic Surgery
Performed by a surgeon trained dermatologist, Mohs allows the surgeon to change the normal skin simultaneously eliminating cancer.
ELECTRODESICCATION AND curettage
Eliminate cancerous tumor by scraping (curetting). Base tumor is burned (cauterized) with an electric needle (electrodesiccation).
Cryotherapy
Eliminate tumorlei freeze liquid nitrogen.
Radiotherapy
energy X-rays, which also helps to prevent continued growth.
TOPICAL THERAPY
Drugs, such as Imiquimod and 5-fluorouracil can be applied to home to the treatment of cancer.