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Thyroid Cancer - It occurs when abnormal cells begin to develop in the thyroid gland. The thyroid is a gland in the neck. It has two types of cells which are hormone, follicle cells are thyroid hormones, which affect the heart rate, body temperature and energy level. C cells make calcitonin, a hormone that helps control calcium levels in the blood.
- In early stage thyroid cancer has no symptoms, though among the first signs may include:
A lump or nodule in the front of the neck near the Adam's apple;
Hoarseness or difficulty speaking in a normal voice;
Swollen lymph nodes, especially in the neck.
Difficulty swallowing or breathing
Sore throat or neck.
These symptoms are not sure signs of thyroid cancer. An infection, a benign goiter, or another problem also could cause these symptoms. Anyone with these symptoms should consult a doctor as soon as possible. Only a doctor can diagnose and identify the problem.
Thyroid cancer is treated by:
- Surgery to remove the thyroid remnant tissue and lymph metastasis
- Chemotherapy: drugs such as doxorubicin and cisplatin may be used in certain types of thyroid cancer recurring
- Neck radiotherapy (rarely).