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Shingles - is a painful blistering rash (swelling) caused by the reactivation of varicella virus. It is fair known as herpes zoster.
- Varicella virus remains dormant in nerve ganglia for many years. With age, or due to a disease, the immune system loses its ability to control the virus is reactivated. This occurs in lymph and nerve inflammation that causes blistering grouped in bunches. Shingles starts mainly with pain sensation on the skin, followed by 2-3 days of vesicular eruptions, after which the disease can be diagnosed. Treatment includes antiviral drugs and sometimes corticosteroids in 72 hours after the appearance of skin lesions.
Treatment includes antiviral drugs and sometimes corticosteroids in 72 hours after the appearance of skin lesions.
In severe cases or extended Acyclovir may be administered intravenously for several days.
In certain circumstances, systemic steroids may also be recommended.
Oral antibiotics may be required for secondary infection, usually flucloxacillin or erythromycin.